Addis Ababa City Administration
Addis Ababa is the largest city in Ethiopia, with, according to the 2007 census, a population of 2,739,551 inhabitants. It is where the African Union is headquartered and where its predecessor, the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), was based. It also hosts the headquarters of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA), as well as various other continental and international organizations. Addis Ababa is therefore often referred to as "the political capital of Africa" for its historical, diplomatic, and political significance for the continent. The city lies a few miles west of the East African Rift which splits Ethiopia into two, between the Nubian Plate and the Somali Plate. The city is surrounded by the Special Zone of Oromia and populated by people from different regions of Ethiopia. It is home to Addis Ababa University.
Afar Regional State
Afar Region ( Afar: Qafar; Amharic: ዓፋር ክልል), formerly known as Region 2, is a regional state in
Northeastern Ethiopia and the homeland of the Afar people. Its capital is the planned city
of Semera, which lies on the paved Awash–Assab highway.
The Afar Triangle, the northern part of which is the Danakil Depression, is part of the Great Rift
Valley of Ethiopia, and is located in the north of the region. It has the lowest point in Ethiopia and
one of the lowest in Africa. The southern part of the region consists of the valley of the Awash
River, which empties into a string of lakes along the Ethiopian-Djibouti border. Other notable
landmarks include the Awash and Yangudi Rassa National Parks.
Amhara Regional State
Amhara Region (Amharic: አማራ ክልል, Ge'ez: ዐምሐራ) is a regional state in northern Ethiopia, and
the homeland of the Amhara people. Previously known as "Region 3", its capital is Bahir Dar.
Ethiopia's largest inland body of water, which is the source of the Blue Nile river, is located
within Amhara. The region also contains the Semien Mountains National Park, which
includes Ras Dashan, the highest point in Ethiopia. Amhara is bordered by the state of Sudan to
the west and northwest, and in other directions by other regions of Ethiopia: Tigray to the
north, Afar to the east, Benishangul-Gumuz to the west and southwest, and Oromia to the south.
Benishangul - Gumuz Regional State
Benishangul-Gumuz (Amharic: ቤንሻንጉል ጉሙዝ, romanized: B nš ngul Gumuz) is a regional state of Ethiopia. It was previously known as Region 6. The region's capital is Assosa. Following the adoption of the 1995 the Region was created from the westernmost portion of the Gojjam province (the part north of the Abay River), and the northwestern portion of the Welega Province (the part south of the Abay). The name of the region comes from two peoples – Berta (also called Benishangul) and Gumuz.
The region has faced major challenges to economic development, due to lack of transportation and communications infrastructure. The Abay River (Blue Nile) divides Benishangul-Gumuz, and there was no bridge crossing it until 2012. The major road that connects the Metekel Zone and the Assosa Zone was built by the China Construction Company in 2012. The road has a 365-meter bridge that crosses the Abay. Nowadays it is simple to travel between the regional capital of Assosa and Gilgil Beles, the capital of the Metekel Zone. Previously one had to travel through Wollega and Gojjam in the neighboring regions of Oromia and Amhara, a distance of 1,250 kilometers, but it is now around 378 kilometers on the new road and bridge. Conditions for travel within zones varies, but is often poor and subject to disruption by the rainy season.On 28 July 2009, the Regional Rural Roads Authority reported that over the previous year almost 600 of the 800 kilometers of local all-weather roads had been upgraded at a cost of 11.5 million birr, and an additional 447 kilometers of roads constructed.
Dire Dawa City Administration
Dire Dawa (Amharic: ድሬዳዋ, Oromo: Dirre Dhawaa, lit. "Place of Remedy", Somali: Diri Dhaba, meaning "where Dir hit his spear into the ground" or "The true Dir", Arabic: ديري داوا) is a city in eastern Ethiopia near the Somali border and one of two chartered cities in Ethiopia (the other being Addis Ababa, the capital). It is divided administratively into two woredas, the city proper and the non-urban woreda of Gurgura.
Dire Dawa lies in the eastern part of the nation, on the Dechatu River, at the foot of a ring of cliffs that has been described as "somewhat like a cluster of tea-leaves in the bottom of a slop-basin." The western outskirts of the city lie on the Gorro River, a tributary of the Dechatu River. It is located at the latitude and longitude of 9°36′N 41°52′ECoordinates: 9°36′N 41°52′E. The city is an industrial centre, home to several markets and the Diredhawa Airport.
The projected population for 1 July 2015 was 440,000 for the entire chartered city and 277,000 for the city proper, making the latter the seventh largest city in Ethiopia.
Harari People's National Regional State
Gambela or Gambella, (Amharic: ጋምቤላ) also officially known as Gambela Peoples' Region, is a regional state in western Ethiopia. Previously known as "Region 12", its capital is Gambela. The Region is situated between the Baro and Akobo Rivers, with its western part including the Baro River or Openo in the local language of the Agnuak people. Located in Gambela is Gambela National Park, which covers approximately 5,061 square kilometers or 17% of the Region's territory.
Harari People's National Regional State
Harari (Oromo: Hararii; Amharic: ሐረራዊ), officially Harari People's National Regional State (Oromo: Mootummaa Naannoo Ummata Hararii, Amharic: የሐረራዊ ሕዝብ ክልል), is one of the ten ethnically-based regional states (kililoch) of Ethiopia, covering the homeland of the Harari people. Formerly named Region 13, its capital is Harar. It has the smallest land area and population of the Ethiopian regional states. Harari and Oromo are the two official languages of the regional Authorities.
Oromia Regional State
The Oromia Region (Oromo: Oromiyaa) is a regional state in Ethiopia, the homeland of the Oromo people. The capital city of the State of Oromia is Addis Ababa also known as Finfinne. Currently the state consists of 21 administrative zones.Towns in the region include Adama, Ambo, Asella, Badessa, Bale Robe, Bedele, Bishoftu, Begi, Bule Hora, Burayu, Chiro, Dembidolo, Fiche, Gimbi, Goba, Haramaya, Holeta, Jimma, Metu, Negele Arsi, Nekemte, Sebeta, Shashamane and Waliso, among many others. It is bordered by the Somali Region to the east; the Amhara Region, the Afar Region and the Benishangul-Gumuz Region to the north; Dire Dawa to the northeast; the South Sudanese state of Upper Nile, Gambela Region, Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region and Sidama Region to the west; the Eastern Province of Kenya to the south; as well as Addis Ababa as an enclave surrounded by Special Zone in its center and the Harari Region as an enclave surrounded by East Hararghe in its east.
The 2011 census reported the population of Oromia as 35,000,000; this makes it the largest regional state in population. It is also the largest regional state covering 286,612 square kilometers. Oromia is the world's forty-second most populous subnational entity, and the most populous subnational entity in all of Africa.
Sidama Regional State
Sidama region is the leading coffee producing region in Ethiopia, which contributes greatly to the foreign exchange of the federal government. The Central Statistical Agency (CSA) reported that 63,562 tons of coffee were produced in Sidama and Gedeo combined in the year ending in 2005, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea authority. This represents 63% of the SNNPR's output and 28% of Ethiopia's total output.
Ethiopian Somali National Regional State
The Somali Regional State (Somali: Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, Amharic: የሶማሌ ክልል, Arabic: المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (Somali West) is the largest and easternmost of the ten regions (Kililoj) of Ethiopia. The regional state borders the Ethiopian states of Afar and Oromia and the chartered city Dire Dawa (Dire Dhawa) to the west, as well as Djibouti and Somaliland to the north and northeast, Somalia to the east and south; and Kenya to the southwest.
Jijiga is the capital of the Somali Regional State. The capital was formerly Gode, until Jijiga became the capital in 1995 on account of political considerations.
The Somali regional government is composed of the executive branch, led by the President; the legislative branch, which comprises the State Council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the State Supreme Court.
SNNP Regional State
Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region (often abbreviated as SNNPR; Amharic: የደቡብ ብሔር ብሔረሰቦችና ሕዝቦች ክልል, romanized: Yädäbub Bḥer Bḥ räsäbočn Hzboč llə) is a multinational regional state of Ethiopia. It was formed from the merger of five kililoch, called Regions 7 to 11, following the regional council elections on 21 June 1992.Its government is based in Awasa.
The SNNPR borders Kenya to the south (including a small part of Lake Turkana), the Ilemi Triangle (a region claimed by Kenya and South Sudan) to the southwest, South Sudan to the west, the Ethiopian region of Gambela to the northwest, the Oromia Region to the north and east, and the Sidama Region to the east. The region's major cities and towns include Sodo, Arba Minch, Bonga, Jinka, Dila, Areka, Mizan Teferi, Butajira, Welkite, Durame, Hosaena and Worabe. The regional government of the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region is based in the city of Awasa. Following the formation of the Sidama Region in June 2020, Awasa is located outside of the boundaries of the region. The regional government is planning to move to a city
within the region's boundaries after two consecutive national electoral cycles.
Tigray Regional State
The Tigray Region (/, Tigrinya: ክልል ትግራይ; Amharic: ትግራይ ክልል, kilil Tigrāy; official name
: Tigrinya: ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስቲ ትግራይ, Bə r i əllelawi Mängəśti Təgray, English: "Tigray National Regional State") is the northernmost region of Ethiopia. Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional
Tigray's official language is Tigrinya, rather similar to that spoken in Eritrea just to the North. The total population (based on the 2020 Census, CSA) is 7,070,260. The majority of the population (c. 80%) are agriculturalists, contributing 46% to the regional gross domestic product (2002/2003). The highlands have the highest population density, especially in eastern and central Tigray. The much less densely populated lowlands comprise 48% of Tigray. Tigrayans are predominantly Orthodox Christians, making up 96% of the population Tigray is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, the Amhara Region to the south
and the Afar Region to the east and south east. Besides Mekelle, major cities include Adigrat, Aksum, Shire, Humera, Adwa, Adi Remets, Alamata, Wukro, Maychew, Sheraro, Abiy Adi, Korem, Qwiha, Atsbi, Hawzen, Mekoni, Dansha and Zalambessa. There is also the historically significant town of Yeha. The government of Tigray is composed of the executive branch, led by the President; the legislative branch, which comprises the State Council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the state Supreme Court.