Sovereignty of the people
- All sovereign power resides in the Nations, Nationalities and Peoples of Ethiopia.
- This Constitution is an expression of their sovereignty.
- Their sovereignty shall be expressed through their representatives elected in accordance with this Constitution and through their direct democratic participation
Supremacy of the Constitution
- The Constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any law, customary practice or a decision of an organ of state or a public official which contravenes this Constitution shall be of no effect.
- All citizens, organs of state, political organizations, other associations as well as their officials have the duty to ensure observance of the Constitution and to obey it.
- It is prohibited to assume state power in any manner other than that provided under the Constitution.
- All international agreements ratified by Ethiopia are an integral part of the law of the land.
Human and Democratic Rights
- Human rights and freedoms, emanating from the nature of mankind, are inviolable and inalienable.
- Human and democratic rights of citizens and peoples shall be respected.
Separation of State and Religion
- State and religion are separate.
- There shall be no state religion.
- The state shall not interfere in religious matters and religion shall not interfere in state affairs.
Conduct and Accountability of Government
- The conduct of affairs of government shall be transparent.
- Any public official or an elected representative is accountable for any failure in official duties.
- In case of loss of confidence, the people may recall an elected representative. The particulars of recall shall be determined by law.