Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE)
Flag and Emblem: The Ethiopian flag comprises three colors. In the center there is a national coat of arms. The three colors are set horizontally in equal dimension with green at the top, yellow in the middle, and red at the bottom. The national emblem is a blue circle with depiction; straight and equal lines of yellow come from all directions and join each other. A star is formed by the straight and equal lines with yellow rays radiating from the joints of the straight and equal lines. The national coat of arms on the flag reflects the hope of the nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia, as well as of its religious communities to live together in unity and equality.
Resources: Ethiopia is a country richly endowed with huge manpower, vast arable land and a wide array of natural resources. Its climate, topography, rivers as well as other natural and bio-diversified resources make the country favorable particularly for agricultural investment. In fact, Ethiopia is one of the very few countries that are rich in bio-diversity. However, much of its potential has not yet been exploited. The country's livestock wealth is among the leading in Africa and the world. There are several great rivers including cross-boundary ones. The immense and untapped waters can be used for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. The hydroelectric potential existing in the country is estimated to be 60 billion kwh. Six of the major rivers also have the potential to produce 23,500 tons of fish per year. In addition, major lakes of the country have a potential of producing 30,000-40,000 tons annually. What has been exploited so far is not more than 15% of the potential. Geological studies have proven that Ethiopia has a significant amount of base, rare and precious metals. The country is also endowed with vast deposits of construction materials such as marble, limestone and granite along with industrial minerals like diatomite, silica sand, potash, phosphate, soda ash, salt, rock salt, caoline, feldspar and quartz.
Population: Based on the results of the May 2007 National population and Housing Census of Ethiopia, the projected population size of the country for the year 2012 is 84,320,987 of which males constitute 42,556,999 while females number 41,763,988.
Capital City: Addis Ababa, the capital and largest city in the country, is the seat of the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic Ethiopia, the African Union (AU), and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). Several other international organizations have their headquarters and branch offices in the capital.
Other important towns: Among other most important towns in the country are: Hawassa, Dire Dawa, Gondar, Dessie, Adama, Jimma, Harar, Bahir Dar, Mekele, Debere Markos and Nekemte. All these towns are important towns of trade and industry. They are connected to Addis Ababa through asphalt roads and most of them have good infrastructural facilities.