Facts and Figures

  • Official Name:Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • Capital City:Addis Ababa
  • Location:Ethiopia is located in the northern part of Africa known as the ‘Horn of Africa'. It is bordered by Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south.
  • Geographic coordinates:Ethiopia extends from 3o - 15o north of the equator, and 33o – 48o  east of the Greenwich Meridian.
  • Area:             
-1.14 million Sq.km.
-Arable Land: 45%
-Irrigable Area: 10 million hectares
-Irrigated Land:about 3%
  • Demography
  • Total population:about 80 million (2008 projection)
    • Female population: 39.9 million
    • Male population:40.1 million

-Rural population: 66.8 million
-Urban population:13.2 million
-Population growth rate: 2.73% per annum
-Population density:66.5:1 sq.km
-Life expectancy
-Male: 53.42 years
-Female:55.42 years
  • Age structure (in percent)
-0-14: 42.8%
-15-19: 10.5%
-20-49: 37.4%
-50-59: 4.9%
-60 and above: 4.4%
  • Working Age population (in %)
    • Urban: 54.7%
    • Rural: 50.6%
  • Languages:Four major language families which altogether constitute about 80 languages
-Official Language: Amharic
-English is also widely spoken in business transactions, particularly in banking and insurance firms. It is also the -medium of instruction in secondary and higher education institutions.
  • Predominant Religions:Christianity and Islam
  • Form of State:Federal ,comprising the Federal Government, nine Regional States and two chartered cities
  • National Legislation:Bicameral parliament; the house of peoples' representative and House of federation
-Election: Every five years.
  • Altitude:It ranges from 148 meters below sea level at the Dallol Depression, in the east, to 4620 meters above sea level on the Ras Dashen in the north.
  • Climate:Temperate in the highland and hot in the lowland. Temperature ranges from 20oC to 30oC.  Rainfall ranges from 200mm to 2000mm per year.
  • Time Zone:GMT+3
  • Rainy seasons:Ethiopia receives big rains in June, July, and August; and small rains in February and March.
  • Currency:
  • Currency unit: Birr
  • 1birr= 100cents
  • Currency notes: 1, 5, 10, 50, and 100Birr.
  • Copper coins: 1,5,10,25,and 50 cents
  • Foreign currency can be exchanged at the Airport on arrival, at banks, or licensed hotels.

(Source: Ethiopian Investment Agency publication)

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