Government Structure

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

The House of People's Representatives
The house of people's Representatives came into being on August 21, 1995 when the newly elected MPs met, to set up this highest authority of the Federal Government.

According to Article 54/1 of the constitution of the FDRE, members of the House of people's Representatives are elected by the people for a term of five years on the basis of universal suffrage and by direct, free and fair elections held by secret ballots.

With the exception of region 5, a nation-wide election was held on May 14, 2000 while in region 5 the election was conducted on August 31, 2000.  Nevertheless, election held in region 7 and some parts of region 9 has been repeated due to different reasons on June 25 and July 31, 2000 respectively.

In the election, candidates of the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) won 481 seats, other parties got 46, while Private Candidates took 13 Seats in the parliamentary polls.

Standing Committees of HPR
The House of People's Representatives has 11 standing committees.  Each standing committee has 13 members, including the chairman and the secretary.

The committees of the HPR are:

  • Foreign Affairs, Security and Defense Affairs Standing Committee
  • Legal and Administrative Affairs Standing Committee
  • Women's Affairs Standing Committee
  • Capacity Building Affairs Standing Committee
  • Information and Cultural Affairs Standing Committee
  • Budget and Finance Affairs Standing Committee
  • Trade and Industry Affairs Standing Committee
  • Infrastructure Affairs Standing Committee
  • Social Affairs Standing Committee
  • Rural Development Affairs Standing Committee, and
  • Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Affairs Standing Committee

Procedurally, following preliminary discussions that it holds, the House channels incoming bills to one of the committees.  Each committee then publicizes the bill once it gets hold of it.  It organizes a public hearing and entertains suggestions delivered in different ways, and present to the House speaker a well-documented report on any given bill.  The House speaker and the committee in question chair House deliberations on the report.  According to the statues of each committee approved by the House, the committees follow the accomplishment of the country's policies, programs and strategies and if necessary, prepare a better way of implementation for them.  In addition to this, the committees follow and investigate different organization, which are grouped in respect of them.

(Source: Ministry of Foreign Affairs website)

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