The Ethiopian Somali Regional State is located in the eastern part of the country. The area of the region is 350,000 (three hundred and fifty thousand) square kilometers; It covers 30.31
percent of the country’s total skin area . The Ethiopian Somali National Regional State is bordered by Oromia, western Afar and the Republic of Djibouti, southern Kenya, and
southeastern and southeastern Somalia. The region is divided into eleven zones, ninety-three woredas, and six city administrations.
According to statistics and demographic data from the Bureau of Finance and Economic Development, the region’s population is estimated at 5.5 million. Eighty-six percent of these live in rural areas. Most of the region’s climate is temperate and semi-tropical.
The working language of the region is Somali. There are many different nationalities and ethnic groups in the region. The House of Peoples’ Representatives of the FDRE has 24 members. Fourteen of them are women. The total budget of the region in 2008 is over 9,000,000,000 (nine billion) birr.
The region is also home to forest resources, natural oil and gas, gold, phosphate, marble, granite, gypsum, limestone and salt, wild gum, incense, and myrrh. It is an area rich in arable land and rich in livestock that can be developed by four major rivers in the region. The region is also known as Wanke sheep.
The region has four major rivers (Wabi Shebele, Genale, Dawa and Weibe) and 16 (sixteen) lakes and ponds, which flow throughout the year. Of these, 135,000 (one hundred and thirty-five thousand) hectares are in the rain; The rest is irrigated. In terms of using this resource, various activities have been carried out during the fiscal year.